Native but Foreign

Little Bear (standing in center) and other Cree - 1909

Native but Foreign is a full-length monograph offering comparative analysis of indigenous peoples who crossed North American borders during the late-nineteenth and twentieth centuries.  Read in tandem, the narratives of Crees and Chippewas from Canada who crossed into Montana, and Yaquis from Mexico who crossed into Arizona offer compelling dialog about the differences between the U.S.-Canadian and U.S.-Mexican borders, how the United States viewed indigenous peoples from Canada and Mexico differently, and how these differentials influenced the respective experiences of Crees, Chippewas and Yaquis who persisted in the United States as “foreign” Indians.  This book examines both narratives in order to reveal their distinct struggles to secure stable and legal settlement in the United States.  Bringing disparate historiographies into dialog, their comparative analysis reveals new understandings of the North American borderlands, indigenous experiences and transnational histories.

Yaqui men - 1921

Native but Foreign: Transnational Cree, Chippewa and Yaqui Refugees and Immigrants in the U.S-Canadian and U.S.-Mexican Borderlands, 1880-present, is under contract with Texas A&M Press, to be included in their “Connecting the Great West” Series, series editor, Sterling Evans.